Brief information about the Berlin
Berlin Berlin (; German: [bɛʁˈliːn] ) is the capital and biggest city of Germany by the area and population. The city is one of the 16 states of Germany . It is contiguous with Potsdam, the funding of Brandenburg and surrounded by the state of Brandenburg.
Both cities are in the middle of their Berlin-Brandenburg capital region, which is, with an area of over 30,000 km ² and about six million inhabitants, Germany 's third-largest metropolitan region following the Rhine-Main and Rhine-Ruhr areas. Berlin straddles the banks of the River Spree, which flows into the River Havel (a tributary of the River Elbe) in the western borough of Spandau.
Among the city's main topographical features are the many lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs formed by the Spree, Havel, and Dahme rivers (the biggest of which is Lake Müggelsee). Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate climate that was seasonal.
About one-third of the region of the city is composed of forests, parks, rivers, lakes, canals and lakes. The city is in the German dialect region, the Berlin dialect is a variant of this Lusatian-New Marchian dialects.
Berlin in the 1920s has been the third largest municipality in the world.
While Bonn became the capital, east Berlin was declared capital of East Germany. After German reunification in 1990, Berlin became the capital of all Germany. Berlin is a world city of politics, culture, science and media. Its economy relies on firms and the service industry, encompassing a range of media businesses, research facilities, creative industries and convention venues.
Berlin has a public transport network that is highly complex and functions as a hub for rail and air traffic. The metropolis is a popular tourist destination. Substantial industries comprise IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, technician that is clean, construction, biotechnology and electronic equipment.
Berlin is home to world-renowned universities like the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin (HU Berlin), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), the Freie Universität Berlin (Free University of Berlin), the Universität der Künste (University of the Arts, UdK) and the Berlin School of Economics and Law.
The city has entertainment venues, museums, and many orchestras, and is host to many sporting events. Its Zoological Garden is the zoo in Europe and one of the most popular. With the entire world 's earliest large-scale film studio complex, Berlin is an increasingly popular location for international film productions.
The city is well known for its festivals, varied architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts and a quality of living. Considering that the 2000s Berlin has witnessed the development of a cosmopolitan scene.