Brief information about the Bandung
Based on the 2015 estimate, it is Indonesia's fourth most populous city after Jakarta, Surabaya, and Bekasi with over 2.5 million individuals. Greater Bandung is the third-largest metropolitan area with more than 8 of your country .
5 million individuals. Located 768 metres (2,520 feet) above sea level, approximately 140 kilometres (87 miles) southeast of Jakarta, Bandung has cooler year-round temperatures than most other black cities. The city lies on a river basin surrounded by volcanic mountains which provides a natural defence system, which was the primary reason for the Dutch East Indies authorities 's plan to move the funds from Batavia (modern-day Jakarta) to Bandung.
The Dutch first launched tea plantations across the hills at the 18th century, and a road was constructed to connect the plantation area to the colonial capital Batavia (180 kilometres (112 kilometers ) to the shore ). From the early 20th century that the Dutch inhabitants of Bandung demanded the institution of a municipality (gemeente), which have been allowed in 1906, and Bandung gradually grown into a resort city for plantation owners.
Following Indonesia declared independence in 1945, the city experienced has experienced ongoing development and urbanisation, changing from a manicured town into a dense 16,500 people/km2 (per square kilometre) metropolitan area with living space for more than 8 million individuals.
High-rise buildings new skyscrapers, bridges, and gardens have been constructed. Conversion of their upland area into real estate and highland villas has heavily exploited resources. Even though the city has encountered many issues (ranging from waste disposal and floods, into a complex traffic system caused by a lack of road infrastructure), it still attracts large numbers of guests, weekend sightseers, and migrants from other parts of Indonesia.
In 2017 the city won a regional environmental sustainability award for having the cleanest air among towns in ASEAN. The city is also called a Smart City, leveraging technology to enhance social media, that residents and government services to problems like floods or traffic jams.
President Sukarno in 1955, hosted in Bandung the Bandung Conference, the first Conference. Redevelopment of the present Bandung global airport (BDO) has been completed in 2016. To improve infrastructure, the building of a railroad has been launched with projected completion in 2020, in 2016.
The new bigger second airport, Bandung Kertajati International Airport, opened in June 2018.