Brief information about the Pécs
Pécs Pécs (PAYTCH, Spiritual: [peːt͡ʃ]; known by other names) is the fifth largest city of Hungary, situated on the slopes of the Mecsek mountains in the south-west of this country, close to its border with Croatia. It is the administrative and financial centre of Baranya County.
Pécs is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of all Pécs. Romans founded the town Sopianae at the beginning of the 2nd century, in an area. From the 4th century, it became the capital of Valeria state and a substantial early centre.
Stephen I founded in 1009 its episcopate, and also Louis I the Great founded in Pécs in 1367 the first university in Hungary. (The most significant university resides in Pécs with approximately 34,000 pupils ).
Bishop Janus Pannonius shaped into one of the centre of the country pécs. Pécs includes a rich legacy from a Ottoman occupation's Time, such as Pasha Qasim's mosque that the Victorious on Széchenyi square.
Pécs was historically a multi-ethnic town where many cultures intermingled, creating a melting pot of different values, the wealthy result of 2000 years of history. In 1998 Pécs has been given the UNESCO prize "Cities for Peace" for maintaining its cultural minorities, and for its own citizenship and assisting attitude toward refugees of the Yugoslav Wars.
In 2007 Pécs was third, and in 2008 it was second "Livable City" (The LivCom Awards) from the category of cities between 75,000 and 200,000 inhabitants. In 2010, Pécs has been selected to be the European Capital of Culture alongside Istanbul and Essen.
Major renewal started from the city, after receiving the name. Renewed public areas, streets, squares and neighbourhoods, cultural centers that were fresh, a concert hall, a new library and centre along with also a quarter were designed.