Brief information about the Köln
With slightly over a million inhabitants (1.
08 million) in its city borders, Cologne is the largest city in the Rhine and the most populous city in both of the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region, which can be Germany's biggest and one of Europe's major metropolitan areas, as well as the Rhineland. Centered on the left bank of the Rhine, Cologne is about 45 kilometres (28 mi) southeast of North Rhine-Westphalia's capital of Düsseldorf and 25 kilometres (16 mi) northwest of Bonn.
It is the greatest city at the Central Franconian and Ripuarian dialect places. The town 's Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) is the chair of the Catholic Archbishop of Cologne. There are various institutions of higher education in the city, most notably the University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln), one of Europe's earliest and largest universities, the Technical University of Cologne (Technische Hochschule Köln), Germany's biggest university of applied sciences, and also the German Sport University Cologne (Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln), Germany's only game university.
Cologne Bonn Airport (Flughafen Köln/Bonn) is Germany's seventh-largest airport also lies at the southeast of the city. The main airport for the region is Düsseldorf Airport. Cologne was founded and created from the 1st century AD at Ubii territory as the Roman Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium.
An Latin name of this payoff is Augusta Ubiorum, following the Ubii. "Cologne", the French variant of the town 's name, is becoming standard in English as well. Cologne functioned as the capital of the Roman province of Germania Inferior and since the headquarters of the army in the region until occupied by the Franks.
Throughout the Middle Ages the city thrived as being situated on one of the most essential trade routes between east and western Europe. Cologne was one of one of the biggest cities north of the Alps in Renaissance and medieval times and the leading members of the Hanseatic League.
Prior, to World War II, the city had experienced many jobs by the French and by the British (1918-1926). Cologne was one of the most heavily populated cities in Germany during World War II, with the Royal Air Force (RAF) falling 34,711 long tons (35,268 tonnes) of bombs on the city.
Even the bombing reduced the population by 95%, mainly due to the evacuation, and destroyed almost the whole city. With the intention of restoring as numerous buildings as possible, the prosperous rebuilding has caused a cityscape that was very mixed and unique.
Cologne is a significant center for the Rhineland; it hosts countless galleries and over 30 museums. Exhibitions range from ancient Roman archeological sites to graphics and sculpture. The Cologne Trade Fair hosts a number of trade shows like imm Cologne, Art Cologne, Gamescom, and the Photokina.