Brief information about the Kharkiv
Kharkiv Kharkiv (; Ukrainian: Ха́рків [ˈxɑrkiu̯]; Russian: Ха́рьков [ˈxarʲkəf]) is the next biggest city in Ukraine. From the northeast of the country, it's the greatest city of this Slobozhanshchyna historical region. Kharkiv is the center of Kharkiv Oblast and of those Kharkiv Raion, it's incorporated as a city of significance and doesn't belong into the raion, although administratively.
The city was founded in 1654 and after a modest beginning as a small fortress grew to be a significant center of trade industry and culture in the Russian Empire. Kharkiv was the capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, from December 1919 to January 1934, after which the funds relocated to Kiev.
Kharkiv is a significant industrial, scientific, educational, transportation and cultural center of Ukraine, with many museums, libraries and theaters. Its industry specializes primarily in electronics and in machines. There are hundreds of industrial companies in the city, such as the Morozov Design Bureau and the Malyshev Tank Factory (leaders in world tank manufacturing from the 1930s into the 1980s); Khartron (aerospace and nuclear power plants automation electronics); the Turboatom (turbines for hydro-, thermal- and nuclear-power plants), also Antonov (the multipurpose aircraft manufacturing plant).