Brief information about the Basel
Basel is Switzerland's third-most-populous town (after Zürich and Geneva) with about 180,000 inhabitants.
Located at which the borders meet, Basel also has suburbs in Germany and France. As of 2016, the Korean Basel agglomeration was the third-largest in Switzerland, with a population of 541,000 in 74 municipalities in Switzerland (municipal count at 2018).
The initiative Trinational Eurodistrict Basel (TEB) of 62 suburban communes including municipalities in neighboring countries, counted 829,000 inhabitants in 2007. The official language of Basel is (the Swiss assortment of Standard) German, but the primary spoken language is the local Basel German dialect.
The town is known for its many globally renowned museums, which range from the Kunstmuseum, the first collection of art available to the public in Europe (1661) and the largest museum of art in the whole of Switzerland, into the Fondation Beyeler (located in Riehen).
The University of Basel, Switzerland's oldest university (founded in 1460), and also the town 's centuries-long devotion to humanism, have made Basel a safe haven occasionally of political unrest in other parts of Europe for such notable people as Erasmus of Rotterdam, the Holbein family, Friedrich Nietzsche, and in the 20th century also Hermann Hesse and Karl Jaspers.
The town of Basel is Switzerland 's centre following town of Zürich and has the maximum GDP per capita in the nation, ahead of the cantons of Geneva and Zug. Concerning value, over 94% of Basel City 's products exports are at the pharmaceutical and chemical sectors.
With production facilities located in the Schweizerhalle, Basel creates one third of their national product also accounts for 20% of exports. Basel has become the chair of a Prince-Bishopric because the 11th century and joined the Swiss Confederacy at 1501.
The town has emerged in the 20th century as a centre for the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, also has been an important centre and also a commercial hub since the Renaissance. Back in 1897, Theodor Herzl as the location for the first World Zionist Congress chose Basel, and the congress has been held there ten occasions within a time period of 50 years than at any other location.
The town is also home to the world headquarters of the Bank for International Settlements. This city's name is globally well-known through associations like FC Basel, Art Basel and the Basel Accords. Together with Zürich and Geneva , Basel, was rated one of the ten most cities in the entire world by Mercer in 2019.