Brief information about the Singapore
Singapore Singapore (), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country situated in maritime Southeast Asia. Singapore is located about one degree of latitude (137 kilometres or 85 miles) north of the equator and is located off the southern tip of the Malay peninsula, and, by extension, the southernmost extremity of continental Eurasia.
The island country shares its southern sea border with Indonesia's Riau Islands, its northern, western, and eastern marine boundaries with the Johor state of peninsular Malaysia, and is in the vicinity of Sumatra to its west coast and Borneo to its west.
The country's territory, which is an archipelago, consists of one primary island, 63 satellite islands and islets, and one outlying islet, the combined area of which includes increased by 25% because the country's liberty as a result of extensive land reclamation projects.
Singapore was a maritime emporium that was a constituent part of sultanates and successive Malay empires. When Stamford Raffles established a trading post of the East India Company on the primary island in 1819, contemporary Singapore part of this Johor Sultanate, was set.
Five Decades later, the islands were wrested by the coercively in the Sultan's control, and Singapore was integrated as capital in the Straits Settlements, a Malayan presidency of the Company with Penang. In 1830, the Settlements were annexed to British India as a residency, where they would be regulated in the funds of Calcutta under two administrations--until 1858 under Company rule, and--following the Company's collapse in the aftermath of the 1857 Indian Rebellion--until 1867 under the successive British Raj.
In 1867, this Settlements' administration was transferred to London, bringing them as a crown colony under the control of the United Kingdom. By 1867 to the 1940s, Singapore, having taken as capital of this Settlements, climbed into a that brought sojourners and settlers by outside and the region.
Throughout the Second World War, Imperial Japan invaded and invaded Singapore, resulting in an interregnum of British rule corresponding with a short but violent occupation from 1942 to 1945. After Japan's surrender in 1945, Singapore was returned to control; Singapore became a standalone crown , and in 1946, the Straits Settlements was dissolved.
In 1959, following a protracted period of agitation against colonial rule, Singapore was granted limited autonomy in the British Empire; in 1963, it became fully emancipated upon its own federation together with the territories of the Arab Malaya and British Borneo to produce the new country of Malaysia.
But following differences, and after two tumultuous years as a constituent state of the Malaysian Federation, Singapore was expelled becoming the first country in modern history to gain liberty though this narrative remains controversial.
After early years of turbulence, the newly sovereign nation--seen as a nonviable state by international observers due to its diminutiveness, geostrategic vulnerability, absence of natural sources, and absence of a hinterland--defied odds by rapidly developing and industrialising under the leadership of the founding People's Action Party to turn into a high-income economy and developed countries within a single production.
Singapore is a unitary republic with a unicameral legislature that's been characterised by dominant-party rule since independence. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Singapore a "faulty democracy" in 2019. It's the only truly sovereign city-state on the planet; it has a military that's thought to be the most advanced in Southeast Asia and its own money.
The city-state is home to 5.6 million taxpayers, 61% (3.4 million) of whom are Singaporeans.
As a legacy of its historical character as an entrepôt, contemporary Singapore is a pluralistic country with a racially, culturally, and religiously diverse citizenry, together with a single indigenous ethnic group, the Malays, and two settler-descended ethnic groups, the Chinese and Indians, forming the historical and contemporary heart of the country's taxpayer population.
As a manifestation of the diversity, multiracialism has been enshrined as a principle of this state, and it has formed the country's politics and federal policies, particularly in housing and education. The country is one of the five founding members of ASEAN, is the headquarters of this Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Secretariat and Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) Secretariat, is a member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, East Asia Summit, Non-Aligned Movement, and the Commonwealth of Nations, and is a continuing guest invitee to the annual G20 summit.
It's by far the most developed nation in Asia, has the 7th highest GDP per capita on the planet, and being ranked 9th on the UN Human Development Index. It's also believed by Transparency International to be the incorruptible nation in Asia, and the fifth most incorruptible global.
Singapore is placed tremendously in key indicators: education, health, quality of life, housing and personal security , with a home-ownership rate of 91%. Singaporeans enjoy one of the planet 's longest life expectancies and one of the lowest infant mortality rates in the world.
As an Alpha town, Singapore is categorized as a town, and is the only country in Asia with an AAA rating from all major rating agencies. It consistently ranked the most expensive town to live in as 2013 is a financial and transport hub, and has been identified as a tax haven.
Singapore is also a popular tourist destination, with well-known landmarks such as the Merlion, Marina Bay Sands, Gardens from the Bay, the Jewel, the Orchard Road shopping belt, the resort island of Sentosa, and the Singapore Botanic Gardens, the only tropical garden on earth to be honoured as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.