Brief information about the Cluj-Napoca
Geographically, it is roughly equidistant from Bucharest (324 kilometres (201 miles)), Budapest (351 km (218 mi)) and Belgrade (322 km (200 mi)). Located in the Someșul Mic river valley, the city is considered the unofficial capital to the historical province of Transylvania.
From 1790 to 1848 and from 1861 to 1867, it had been the capital of the Grand Principality of Transylvania. As of 2011, 324,576 inhabitants dwelt inside the city limits (making it the nation 's second most populous at the moment, after the federal capital Bucharest), marking a slight increase from the amount recorded at the 2002 census.
The Cluj-Napoca metropolitan region has a population of 411,379 people, while the inhabitants of this peri-urban region (Romanian: zona periurbană) exceeds 420,000 residents. Cluj-Napoca's metropolitan authorities became operational. In accordance with a 2007 quote provided by the County Population Register Service, the city hosts a visible population of pupils as well as other non-residents--an average of over 20,000 people .
The city spreads out from St. Michael's Church at Unirii Square, constructed in the 14th century and named after the Archangel Michael, the patron saint of Cluj-Napoca. The boundaries of the municipality contain an area of 179.52 square kilometres (69.31 sq mi). Cluj-Napoca undergone a decade of decline through the 1990s, its international reputation suffering from its mayor's policies Gheorghe Funar, at the moment.
These days, the city is among the most significant industrial, cultural, academic and business centres in Romania. Among other associations, it hosts the nation 's largest university, Babeș-Bolyai University, using its botanical garden; nationwide renowned cultural associations; also as the largest Romanian-owned commercial lender.
Cluj-Napoca held the names of European Youth Capital at 2015 and European City of Sport at 2018.