Brief information about the Łódź
Łódź Łódź (Polish: [wutɕ] ), written in English since Lodz, is the third-largest city in Poland and a former industrial center.
The town 's coat of arms is a good example of canting, since it portrays a ship (łódź from Polish), which alludes to the city's name. Łódź was a small settlement that first appeared in written records in approximately 1332. From the 15th century it was granted city rights but stayed a town.
It was the land of Kuyavian bishops and clergy until the end of the 18th century, when Łódź was annexed by Prussia as a result of the second partition of Poland. Following the collapse of the Duchy of Warsaw, the city became part of Congress Poland, a client state of the Russian Empire.
It was then Łódź experienced rapid growth in the fabric industry and in people due to the inflow of migrants, most especially Germans and Jews. Ever, since the industrialization of the area, the city has fought many issues such as multinationals and societal inequality, which have been documented in the publication The Promised Land written by Polish Nobel Prize-winning author Władysław Reymont.
The contrasts reflected on the architecture of the city, where luxurious mansions coexisted with redbrick factories and tenement homes. After Poland regained its independence in 1918, Łódź grew to be one of the biggest Polish cities and among the very multicultural and industrial centers in Europe.
The interbellum period saw development in health and education. After the invasion of Poland in 1939, the German Army seized the city and renamed it Litzmannstadt in honour of the general Karl Litzmann, who had been victorious Close to the area
The town 's large Jewish population was forced into a walled zone known as the Łódź Ghetto, where they were sent to German concentration and extermination camps. Following the occupation of the city by the Soviet Army, Łódź, that continued insignificant harm during the war, became part of the newly established Polish Individuals 's Republic.
After years of relative wealth during the socialist era, Łódź undergone a sharp decline after the collapse of businesses and communism throughout Central and Eastern Europe. It was in the 2010s the city began to experience revitalization of its downtown area.
Łódź is globally known for its National Film School, a cradle for the many renowned Polish actors and actors, such as Andrzej Wajda and Roman Polanski, and in 2017 was inducted into the UNESCO Creative Cities Network and named UNESCO City of Film.