Brief information about the Arequipa
It's the seat of the Constitutional Court of Peru and often dubbed the "legal capital of Peru. " It's the second most populated town in Peru, following Lima, with an urban population of 1,008,290 inhabitants according to the 2017 national census.
Its area integrates twenty-one districts, including the foundational central place, which it's the seat of the city government. The town has a Nominal GDP of 9,445 million (USD) and a nominal GDP per capita of 10,277 USD, which signifies a GDP per capita PPP of 18,610 USD at the period 2015, being the next city with the highest economic activity in Peru.
Arequipa is also an important industrial and business centre of Peru and is considered as the second city of the nation. Within its action the creation of yarn of and that the products camelids. The city maintains close links with Chile, Bolivia, and Brazil and with all the cities linked by the South railway, in addition to with the port of Matarani.
The town was founded on August 15, 1540, under the name of "Beautiful Villa of Our Lady of the Assumption" in the name of Marquis Francisco Pizarro. On September 22, 1541, the monarch Carlos V ordered that it should be known as the "City of Arequipa". Throughout the viceregal period, it acquired importance for its outstanding economic function and is distinguished by the fidelismo towards the Spanish Crown, which honored Arequipa with names such as "Very Noble and Very Loyal. " From the Republican history of Peru, the town has been the focus of most popular, civic and democratic rebellions.
Additionally, it has been the cradle of spiritual, political and intellectual figures that are remarkable. From the Republican era, it had been awarded the name of "Heroic cities of their freedom people of Arequipa".Its historic center extends over an area of 332 hectares and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Historical tradition and monumental that it houses and its diverse scenic and cultural areas to turn it into a host town of national and global tourism, in its own historic center it highlights the spiritual architecture viceregal and Republican product of this mixture of Spanish and autochthonous characteristics, which constituted a personal stylistic school referred to as"Arequipeña School" whose influence came in Potosí (Bolivia).