Brief information about the Marrakesh
It is the capital of this region of Marrakesh-Safi.
The region has been inhabited by Berber farmers since olden days. The city was founded in 1062, by Abu Bakr ibn Umar, cousin and a chieftain of the Almoravid king, Yusuf ibn Tashfin. The city was among the four cities of Morocco .
In the 12th century, the Almoravids constructed many madrasas (Quranic schools) and mosques from Marrakesh that bear Andalusian influences. The red walls of this city, constructed by Ali ibn Yusuf in 1122-1123, and various buildings built in red sandstone during this period of time, have given the city the nickname of this "Red City" or "Ochre City".
Marrakesh established itself as a cultural, religious, and trading center for the Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa and grew quickly. Jemaa el-Fnaa is the busiest square in Africa. After a period of decline, Fez surpassed the city, but Marrakesh again became the capital of this kingdom.
The city regained its preeminence under wealthy Saadian sultans Abu Abdallah al-Qaim along with Ahmad al-Mansur, who decorated the city with sumptuous temples like the El Badi Palace (1578) and revived many destroyed monuments. Starting in the 17th century, the city became popular among pilgrims for Morocco's seven patron saints, who are entombed here.
In 1912 the French Protectorate in Morocco was established and T'hami El Glaoui became Pasha of Marrakesh and held this position through the protectorate before the function was dissolved upon the independence of Morocco and the reestablishment of the monarchy in 1956.
Marrakesh includes an old city packed with their stalls and sellers. Today it is among the most affluent cities in Africa and serves as a significant financial center and tourist destination.
Tourism is urged by the Moroccan monarch, Mohammed VI, with the goal of decreasing the amount of tourists visiting Morocco by 2020. Regardless of the downturn, resort development and property in Marrakesh have risen dramatically in the 21st century.
Marrakesh is very popular with the French, and French actors own property in town. Marrakesh has the biggest traditional market (souk) in Morocco, using a few 18 souks selling products which range from traditional Berber carpets to contemporary consumer electronics.
Crafts employ a substantial proportion of the populace, who primarily sell their goods. Ménara International Airport and from railway station, which link and northern Morocco and the city serves marrakesh. Marrakesh has schools and many universities, such as Cadi Ayyad University.
A number of soccer soccer clubs can be found here, such as Chez Ali Club Marrakech, KAC Marrakech, Mouloudia Marrakech and Najm de Marrakech. The Marrakesh Street Circuit hosts FIA Formula Two Championship races, Auto GP and the World Touring Car Championship.