Brief information about the Nice
Nice Nice (, NEESS; French pronunciation: [nis]; Niçard Occitan: Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard, pronounced [ˈnisa]; Italian: Nizza [ˈnittsa]; Greek: Νίκαια; Latin: Nicaea) is the most populous urban area in France and also the capital of this Alpes-Maritimes department.
The metropolitan area of Nice extends past the administrative city limits, with a population of about 1 million on an area of 721 km2 (278 sq mi). Found in the French Riviera, on the south east shore of France on the Mediterranean Sea, at the base of the Alps, Nice is the second-largest French town on the Mediterranean shore as well as the second-largest town in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur area after Marseille.
Nice is approximately 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from the principality of Monaco and 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the French-Italian border. Nice's airport serves as a gateway into the area. The town is known as Nice la Belle (Nissa La Bella in Niçard), which means Nice the gorgeous, which is also the title of this unofficial anthem of Nice, written by Menica Rondelly in 1912.
The area of today's Nice contains Terra Amata, an archaeological site which displays signs of a use of fire 380,000 decades back. Around 350 BC, Greeks of Marseille founded a permanent settlement and called it Nikaia the goddess of success.
Through the ages, many times have changed hands. Its location and port contributed to its maritime strength. For centuries it was a dominion of Savoy, and was a part of France between 1792 and 1815, when it was returned into the Kingdom of by France in 1860.
The surroundings of the Nice area and its Mediterranean climate came in the next half of the 18th century, when a growing number of families took to spending their winters . The town 's main seaside promenade, the Promenade des Anglais ("Walkway of this English") owes its name to visitors to the hotel.
Light and the clear air have particularly appealed to painters, such as Marc Chagall, Henri Matisse, Niki de Saint Phalle and Arman. Their job is commemorated in many of the museums of the town , including Musée des Beaux-Arts, Musée Matisse and Musée Marc Chagall.
Nice has the biggest hotel capacity in the nation and it is one of the most cities, getting 4 million tourists. It has the busiest airport in France. It's the historical capital city of the County of Nice (Comté p Nice).