Brief information about the Chittagong
Chittagong Chittagong (), officially known as Chattogram (Bengali: চট্টগ্রাম), is a leading coastal city and financial centre in southeastern Bangladesh. The town has a population of over 2.5 million, although the metropolitan area had a population of 4,009,423 in 2011, making it the second-largest city in the country. It's the capital of an eponymous District and Division.
The town is located on the banks of the Karnaphuli River between the Chittagong Hill Tracts and the Bay of Bengal. Modern Chittagong is Bangladesh most important urban center following Dhaka. Chittagong plays a vital part in the Bangladeshi economy. The Port of Chittagong is the maritime gateway to the country.
The interface is the busiest seaport in the busiest in South Asia and the Bay of Bengal. The Chittagong Stock Exchange is one of those nation 's two stock markets. Many companies are among enterprises in Bangladesh and the largest industrial conglomerates.
The port town is the base of Bangladesh Coast Guard and the Bangladesh Navy; although Bangladesh Air Force and the Bangladesh Army maintain bases and add to the economy of the town . Chittagong is the headquarters of the Bangladesh Railway's Eastern Zone, having been the headquarters of the Assam Bengal Railway and the Pakistan Eastern Railway of East Pakistan of British India .
A ship breaking business on the outskirts of town, which provides steel that is local but causes contamination, has come under international scrutiny. Chittagong is a historical seaport due to its harbor. The Roman geographer Ptolemy in the 1st century mentioned as one of the largest Eastern ports it.
The harbor was a gateway in the Indian subcontinent for centuries via Bengal. Sailors and arab sailors, who once explored the Bay of Bengal, establish in the harbor during the 9th century.
Portuguese Chittagong has been the first colonial settlement in Bengal. A battle in 1666 between Arakan and the Mughal Empire resulted in the expulsion of pirates.
British colonization started in 1760 when the Nawab of Bengal ceded Chittagong. Throughout World War II, Chittagong was a foundation for Allied Forces. The port town started to enlarge and industrialize during the 1940s, particularly following the Partition of British India.
During the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, Chittagong was the website of the nation 's declaration of independence. Regardless of having an Bengali Muslim majority chittagong has a high degree of cultural and religious diversity among Bangladeshi cities. Minorities comprise Bengali Hindus, Bengali Christians, including Bengali Buddhists, the Chakmas, the Marmas Rakhines and the Rohingyas.